For members of an organizational culture to fully understand their culture, artifacts help articulate the culture in
ways that the members can readily appreciate and, in some cases, explain to outsiders.
Schein and the text discuss five typical artifacts of organizational culture. Here is a review of the definitions of
Stories – narratives based on real organizational experiences that have become embellished over time and
illustrate core cultural values.
Symbols – objects that provide meaning about a culture.
Rituals – formalized actions and planned routines.
Ceremonies – events that reinforce the relationship between employees and the organization.
Organizational language – words or metaphors and expressions specific to an organization.
Present a narrative of an organization of which you are a part of as though you are an anthropologist viewing it
for the first time. Discuss the various artifacts, but don’t tell us what the organization is! Let’s see if we can
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