Question: 1. Consider the following data.
1. Consider the following data. (10 points)
ninasema ‘I speak’
wunasema ‘you (sg) speak’
anasema ‘he speaks’
munasema ‘you (pl) speaks’
wanasema ‘they speak’
ninapika ‘I hit’
ninanupika ‘I hit you (pl)’
ninakupika ‘I hit you (sg)’
ninawapika ‘I hit them’
ananipika ‘he hits me’
ananupika ‘he hits you (pl)’
ninaona ‘I see’
ninamupika ‘I hit him’
tunasema ‘we speak’
nilipika ‘I have hit’
nilimupika ‘I have hit him’
nitakanupika ‘I will hit you (pl)’
a. What are the root morphemes in this data set?
b. Fill out the chart indicating all the agreement morphemes. Don’t forget to include a hyphen to indicate whether it is a prefix or a suffix! If there is not enough data to figure out a particular morpheme, indicate this with a question mark (?).
c. List the morphemes indicating time (tense or aspect) below. Don’t forget to include a hyphen to indicate whether it is a prefix or a suffix!
Present: ____________ Future: _____________
Perfect (translated with ‘have’ in English): ____________
d. What is your best hypothesis about how to translate the following phrases?
You (sg) see him: _____________________
We will speak: _______________________